NFPA 422-1999 Guide for Aircraft Accident Response.
2-1 Fire Data. Reports on incidents and accidents that involve fires should include information on the origin of the fire, the method by which it was spread and fed, the type and effectiveness of extinguishing agents used, and whether any equipment malfunctioned. Methods for fighting fires that fol- low crashes and for forced entry into burning aircraft have been the subject of much research. All available facts should be reported to improve safety to life. 2-2 Emergency Exit Data. It should be noted whether escape from the burning plane was successful and whether emer- gency exits were able to be used or were blocked due to the fire’s intensity and location. Information and data should be solicited from flight crew, passengers, and witnesses. 2-3 Weather Data. It is important to verify the weather condi- tions that existed at the time of the fire, particularly the wind direction and velocity. This information, combined with infor- mation on the location and use of emergency exits, can pro- vide data on fire spread in the cabin interior. 2-4 Fire-Fighting Data. Reports should indicate the type of ground fire-fighting equipment available and used, including the response time and effectiveness of each responding vehi- cle, and the quantity and type of extinguishing agents used and left unused. The level of experience and degree of train- ing of fire-fighting and rescue personnel also should be reported. The type of clothing worn by personnel involved and the degree of protection provided by this clothing is espe- cially important. Reports should indicate any problems with communications, command and control on the scene, and problems with any emergency plans employed.
3-1 Using the Report. The following instructions provide detailed information on how to complete the NFPA Aircraft Fire Investigation Report Form (see Figure 3-1), which is repro- duced in this guide. The numbering of Chapter 3 corresponds directly to the numbered questions on the report. Each ques- tion can be identified either by bold or italic type and is fol- lowed by instructions on answering the question. 3-1.1 General. 3-1.1.1 Aircraft Data. See Figure 3-1.1.1 for an example of this section of the form. 3-1.1.2 Location of Emergency. The following provides infor- mation regarding the accident scene and the surrounding area. (a) *Provide name of specific airport, if applicable, or city, nearest city, or nearest airport, stating distance factors and, where applicable, compass directions. Example: 1 mile northwest of Burbank Air- port, Burbank, California. (b) Prepare grid map, including terrain features. This map greatly assists in showing the exact location and helps to deter- mine whether the terrain was a factor in the accident as shown in Figure 3-1.1.2. Use the grid map in the fire investigation report (see Figure 3-1). Please note that details of the fire scene are not included in this map but are to be entered later in the report on a separate grid map. In this sketch, show means of access to the accident site, including any perimeter roads around the airport, location of gates, and so forth. Indicate whether the rescue and fire-fighting (RFF) equipment had to travel long distances on public roads, and, if so, sketch the routing.NFPA 422 pdf download.