NFPA 35-1999 Standard for the Manufacture of Organic Coatings.
Nitrocellulose, Water-Wet. A fibrous, granular, cubed, or flake-like nitrocellulose wetted with not less than 25 percent by weight water. Nonconductive Liquid. A liquid that has an electrical conductivity less than 50 picosiemens per meter. Organic Coating. A liquid mixture of film-forming binder resins, such as those based on alkyd, nitrocellulose, acrylic, polyester, or other chemistry, and flammable or combustible solvents, such as hydrocarbons, esters, ketones, and alcohols, that convert to a protective, decorative, or utilitarian finish. Organic Peroxide.* A reactive organic compound that con- sists of an active double oxygen group (-O-O-) combined with an organic radical. Organic peroxides are derived from hydro- gen peroxide in which one or both hydrogen atoms are replaced by a hydrocarbon or heterocyclic or acid radical. Portable Tank. Any closed vessel having a liquid capacity over 60 U.S. gal (227 L) and not intended for fixed installation. This includes intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) as defined and regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Protection for Exposures. Fire protection for structures on property adjacent to an organic coatings manufacturing facil- ity. Fire protection for such structures shall be considered acceptable when the property is located in the jurisdiction of a public fire department or when there is a private fire brigade capable of providing cooling water streams to protect the structures on the adjacent property. Safety Can. An approved container, of not more than 5-gal (18.9-L) capacity, having a spring-closing lid and spout cover and so designed that it will safely relieve internal pressure when subjected to fire exposure. Stable Liquid. Any liquid not defined as unstable. Storage Tank. Any vessel having a liquid capacity that exceeds 60 U.S. gal (227 L), is intended for fixed installation, and is not used for processing.
Fire Point.* The lowest temperature at which a liquid will ignite and achieve sustained burning when exposed to a test flame in accordance with ASTM D 92, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup. Flash Point.* The minimum temperature of a liquid at which sufficient vapor is given off to form an ignitible mixture with air, near the surface of the liquid or within the vessel used, as determined by the appropriate test procedure and apparatus specified in 1-6.4. Liquid. Any material that has a fluidity greater than that of 300 penetration asphalt when tested in accordance with ASTM D 5, Standard Test Method for Penetration for Bituminous Materials. Vapor Pressure.* The pressure, measured in pounds per square inch, absolute (psia), exerted by a liquid, as deter- mined by ASTM D 323, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method).
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