NFPA 1126-2001 Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics before a Proximate Audience.
1.5.38* Mine. A pyrotechnic device, usually a preload, that projects multiple pellets of pyrotechnic material that produce sparks or flame. 1.5.39 Mortar. A tube or a pot-like device used to direct and control the effect of the pyrotechnic material. 1.5.40 Oxidizer. Usually an oxygen-rich, ionically bonded chemical that decomposes at moderate to high temperatures. Where such a chemical decomposes, it releases oxygen. In addition to ionic solids, an oxidizer can be a material having covalent molecules containing halogen atoms. An oxidizer is an ingredient of pyrotechnic materials. 1.5.41* Performance. The enactment of a musical, dramatic, operatic, or other entertainment production. 1.5.42* Performer. Any person active in a performance dur- ing which pyrotechnics are used and who is not part of the audience or support personnel. 1.5.43* Permittee. The person or persons who are responsi- ble for obtaining the necessary permits for a production. 1.5.44 Preload. A pyrotechnic device supplied by the manu- facturer in a ready-to-use condition. 1.5.45* Producer. An individual who has overall responsibil- ity for the operation and management of the performance where the pyrotechnics are to be used. 1.5.46 Production. All the performances of a musical, dra- matic, operatic, or other series of shows. There are two types of productions: fixed and touring. 1.5.47 Proximate Audience. An audience closer to pyrotechnic devices than permitted by NFPA 1123, Code for Fireworks Display. 1.5.48 Pyrotechnic Device. Any device containing pyrotech- nic materials and capable of producing a special effect as defined in this standard.
3.1 Storage Requirements. 3.1.1* All pyrotechnic materials and devices shall be stored in accordance with 27 CFR K (Federal Storage Regulation) and any state and local regulations. 3.1.2 If more pyrotechnic material than is needed for the per- formance is prepared by mixing a single unit, the excess mixed material shall be considered, handled, stored, and dis- posed of as a pyrotechnic material of the applicable explosive class as defined in 27 CFR 55. 3.2 In-Transit Requirements. All pyrotechnic materials and devices not stored in magazines meeting the requirements of 27 CFR K, shall remain in their prescribed U.S. Department of Transportation containers until it becomes necessary to set them up for a performance. The time between removal from storage and actual use shall be the shortest time practicable with respect to the needs of a performance. Pyrotechnic mate- rials and devices shall be supervised. Exception: Where pyrotechnic materials and devices are secured or in- accessible, they shall not be required to be supervised. 3.3 Separation Distance from Unprotected Heat Source or Open Flame. Pyrotechnic materials and devices shall not be stored within 50 ft (15.3 m) of any unprotected source of heat or open flame.
NFPA 1126 pdf download.