BS ISO 29383:2020 Terminology policies — Development and implementation.
4 Language planning and terminology planning
4.1 General
Language planning is a broader concept thaii terminology planning that covers status, corpus and acquisition planning. This process is often associated with planning at government level, but can also be done by non-governmental organisations, private companies and individuals, as language planning goals can vary. In particular, status planning involves the pronouncement of an official/non-official (minority) language(s), national language or a language of communication or a medium of instruction as well as the determination of the functions of such languages. Subsequently, corpus planning is key to the implementation of the chosen languages determined during status planning.
Corpus planning, in this case, focuses on the development of chosen languages, which can be done through graphization. The process of graphization involves the development, selection and modification of orthographic conventions of a language. In addition to graphization, corpus planning also involves standardization of spelling and modernization that focuses on lexical expansion of general language and technical vocabulary. These processes often result in new language resources (e.g. glossary lists and technical terms) to ensure quality and consistency in the way terminology is used in specific domains or language communities. Corpus planning is therefore that part of language planning that covers terminology planning. Terminology policies are developed during this planning phase.
Acquisition planning is then critical in ensuring that what has been developed during corpus planning is introduced to the society at national or local level through education systems ranging from primary schools to universities and the media. That is, the implementation and use of new language resources take place during acquisition planning.
4.2 Language planning
Language planning involves deliberate efforts by a government, agency or other entity in order to influence the function, structure or acquisition of a language or language variety in a certain domain or within a language community. Language planning comprises a mixture of approaches, such as:
— the determination of the status of a language in a society at large, in a certain domain or context (status planning);
— the linguistic codification of a language in order to establish a linguistic norm, the development of language resources (including text corpora, speech corpora, lexicographical data and, to some extent, terminological resources), the development or recording of literary traditions and sources (corpus planning);
— the development of a language education policy and teaching of a language (acquisition planning);
— translation strategies, etc.
The major focus of language planning, therefore, is the conscious development of a language to improve communication in a language community or society at large, or to strengthen the status of the language of a linguistic community existing within a larger community.BS ISO 29383 pdf download.