BS ISO 21102-2020 Adventure tourism一Leaders – Personnel competence.
6 Competencies
6.1 General
The competencies for achieving expected results shall be evaluated through the knawiedge, skills and attitudes or attributes indicated in 62 Ia 6.4.
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6.2 Knowledge
Prior to leading a specific acuvity. leaders shall have the tollowing knowledge:
i) techniques of interpretation of relevant weather sgns. landslides. atmospher or environmental conditions, such as:
— extreme weather conditions specific to these tivity, including but not limited to snow avalanche risk, flash floods os’ tsunamis, sand and electrical storms, fires, hurricanes or cyclones and droughts:
— special risks associated with underground environments (e.g. earthquakes);
— erupting volcanos. geysers.
b) techniques of orientation and navigation where appropriate (such as basic interpretation of topographic maps, map captions and symbols, scale, level curves. use ol compass and orientation through natural signs), including, when available, technologies that allow the use of geolocation both in the planning and the execution of activities.
c) techniques of group management. integration and conflict resolution;
d) strategies olcummunieatioti and instructioti.
e) safety requirements of the adventure tourism activity;
f) factors that contribute to the occurrence of accidents:
g) common environmental hazards and risks;
h) emergency procedures;
i) first-aid procedures;
) local environmental legislation and conservation;
k) information on the environment and local communit irs specific to the location of the activity:
I) techniques to minimize negative impact on the environment;
m) basic rules of educat ion and social skills:
n) legal and slatutory requirements.
6.3 SkIlls
Adventure tourism activity leaders shall have the following skills:
a) competent communication to keep participants interested and motivated in the activity;
b) ability to communicate in the participants’ language cw a language mutually agreed with the participants.
c) ability to instruct clearly to ensure understanding of the techniques required;
d) physical and mental ability and fitness to complete the planned activities;
e) ability to apply suitable leadership to lead others safely in the specific adventure tourism activity;
f) verbal logical reasoning necessary, for example, to verbally describe a procedure in a chain of sequential steps;
g) decision-making capacity, for example, in the event of an emergency;
h) planning capacity, for example, to establish a logical sequence of steps for achieving a specific outcome;
i) basic life-support techniques (including cardiopulmonary resuscitation and injury treatment);
NOTE In remote locations or higher-risk activities, advanced first aid skills can be more appropriate.
j) ability to use emergency equipment specific to the risks associated with the activity, including communication tools.BS ISO 21102 pdf download.