BS EN 13586-2020 Cranes一Access.
5.3.3 Means of access, walking and standing areas shall:
一have their working position(s) designated; (for example platform on articulated boom needs defined position of the boom for the access); take into account the number of the persons, and the presence of objects such as tools and spare parts;
一be constructed of materials specifed as being incombustible and with slp resistant surfaces, which do not retain liquid. See Annex B.
The steps between adjacent, fixed (non moveable) floor sections shall not exeed 8 mm in height. This requirement does not apply in cases, where access is directly on a structural surface and the step is due to welded joint of the structure.
Every control station shall have at least one exit onto a fixed means of access. An altermative means of egress shall be provided, where a fixed means of access cannot be reached from all working positions of the control station or of the crane.
5.3.4 Where apertures are used in the floor of a walkway. inclined wallkway. landing or platform situated above an area, where persons are expected, slots and interstices shall ful6l the following requirements:
一aball with a diameter 20 mm or greater cannot pass through;
一a slot has a maximum width of 12 mm, where the length is 200 mm or greater.
5.3.5 Hand supports shall be designed and constructed so as not to have exposed sharp edges and corners or other hazardous projections. Edges shall have radii (minimum 2 mm) or be chamfered (minimum 2 x 2 mm).
Obstacles to retain the hands or feet, shall be provided at the ends of handholds and footholds.
5.3.6 Where access is foreseen with portable ladders, permanent means shall be provided to prevent the top of the ladder from sliding or slipping.
Portable ladders shall meet the requirements of this document for ladders.
5.4 Stairs and step ladders
Type 1 stairs shall be provided with a handrail and an intermediate guard-rail on both sides. Where the distance between a stair and a continuous surface is less than 200 mm, it is permissible to omit intermediate guard-rails. For details of handrails and side protections, see 5.10.
The climbing height of a single flight shall not exceed 6 m for Type 1 step ladders.
Where Type 2 stairs are not fitted with a handrail, provision (e.g. an inclined lifeline in accordance with
EN 795:2012) shall be made for the use of personal fall protection equipment against falls from a height.
For personal fall protection equipment, see EN 363:2018.
Step ladders shall be provided with handrails or handholds on both sides.
Steps shall be regularly spaced within a single section of stairs or step ladders. The distance from the floor to the first step should be the same as the rise of the stair or ladder; but may vary to accommodate movement between the floor and the step or for the ftting of standardized components.
Stairs and step ladders shall have the dimensions in accordance with Figure 3, Table 2 and Table 3.BS EN 13586 pdf download.