AS 4685.5:2021 Playground equipment and surfacing Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels (EN 1176-5:2019, MOD).
This document specifies additional safety requirements for carousels intended for permanent installation for use by children.
Where the main play function is not rotating, the relevant requirements in this part of EN 1176 might be used, as appropriate. This document is not applicable to motor-driven carousels, fairground carousels or climbing drums.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 1176-1:2017, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods
EN 1176-2:20 17, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings
EN 1176-6:2017+AC:2019, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for rocking equipment
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1176-1 and the following apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.oj/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at
playground equipment where the main function is to rotate around a central axis
rotating chairs (type A)
carousel without a closed rotating platform whose user stations are defined by separate seats that are rigidly connected with the central axis via the supporting structure
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
4 Safety requirements
4.1 General
Carousels shall conform to EN 1176-1 unless otherwise specified in this part of EN 1176.
Carousels not clearly defined by any of the pre-defined types in this part should be evaluated based on a risk assessment and using the applicable requirements from each type together with the general requirements. Risk assessment should be based on comparison with the carousel type most similar to the new design.
NOTE Due to the way in which speed generated from centrifugal force affects impact, some types of carousels have increased attenuation and extent requirements for the impact area.
4.2 Free height of fall, height of user stations and impact areas
For each type of carousel, maximum heights of user stations shall not exceed the dimensions given in
Table 1.
Impact areas around carousels shall have an adequate level of impact attenuation at least equivalent to
the free height of fall (see Table 1) but always at least 600 mm.
The extent of impact area for each type of carousel is given in Table 1.AS 4685.5 pdf download.