AS 14448:2020 Low modulus adhesives for exterior tile finishing (ISO 14448:2016, MOD).
188.8.131.52 Placing of tile
When the adhesive is spread, place a ceramic tile as defined in 184.108.40.206 on each substrate. Excess adhesive pushed out of the tile should be removed immediately.
7.3.3 Curing of test assembly
220.127.116.11 Standard cure
Cure the assembly for 672 h in standard conditions.
18.104.22.168 Low temperature curing
Cure the assembly for 672 h under (5 ± 2) °C conditions.
7.3.4 Treating of test assembly
22.214.171.124 Immersion in warm alkaline water
Cure the assembly according to 126.96.36.199 and then immerse in saturated lime water at 60 °C. After 168 h, remove the test pieces from the lime water, rinse with clean water, wipe lightly with a dry cloth and test immediately.
188.8.131.52 Freeze-thaw cycles
Cure the assembly according to 184.108.40.206 and then immerse in water (conditioned between 15 °C
and 25 °C) for 24 h in order to saturate the mortar substrate with water, before carrying out 200
For each freeze-thaw cycle:
a) remove the test pieces from the water and maintain the test pieces at (-20 ± 3) °C for 2 h. b) immerse in water at (20 ± 3) °C for 1 h.
Repeat the cycle 200 times. Condition the test pieces for a further 24 h under standard conditions.
220.127.116.11 Heat aging
Cure the assembly according to 18.104.22.168 and then place them in an air-circulating oven at (80 ± 3) °C for a further 336 h. Remove from the oven and condition the test pieces for a further 24 h under standard conditions.
7.3.5 Adhesive strength
22.214.171.124 Test machine
The test machine should be capable of giving breaking tensile force to the test assembly, which should fall between 15 % and 85 % of its force capacity and can stretch the test piece at a rate of 3 mm/mm.
126.96.36.199 Bond the pull head plate
Prior to the tensile test, the pull head plate, as shown in Figure 5, is adhered to the test assembly tiles by an epoxy adhesive.
188.8.131.52 Adhesive strength
Give the test assembly, made according to 7.3.2. the treatment of 7.3.3 and 7.3.4. and bond the pull head plate to it, as shown in Figure 5. Install this assembly in the tensile tester as shown in Figure 8. using a substrate holder (see Figure 6) and a spacer frame (see Figure 7). Operate the tensile tester at a stretch rate of 3 mm/mm until the test assembly breaks and record the maximum tensile load. The mode of failure is recorded by observation. All the tests are conducted in the standard conditions.AS 14448 pdf download.