AASHTO HAZ-1:2015 Fundamental Capabilities of Effective All-Hazards Infrastructure Protection, Resilience, and Emergency Management for State Departments of Transportation.
Figure 3 provides a summary of the fundamental capabilities necessary to support the DOT’s responsibilities,
organized by categories that mirror the National Preparedness Strategy:
• Prevention: To avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism.
• Protection: To secure against acts olterrorism and man—made or natural disasters.
• Mitigation: To reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters.
• Response: To save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs after an incident has occurred.
• Recovery: To assist communities affected by an incident to recover effectively.
Fundamental capabilities of DOTs reflect an all—hazards approach including extreme weather, storm surges, natural events, accidental or unintended incidents, technological failure, and cybersecurity breach, and multi— modal risk assessment and management.
The capabilities reflect an all-hazards approach that includes a broad range of incidents and events that have potential to impact transportation systems operations. Extreme weather, cyber incidents, and other additional hazards need to be addressed as part of an all-hazards approach. Figure 2 includes the types and frequency of events that transportation agencies may encounter along with the other agencies (local, state, and federal) that may be involved depending on the severity or complexity of the incident.
The following sections provide a definition of each category, an overview of the key capabilities required for that category, and resources to support the implementation of those capabilities.
As a part of their functioH, state DOTs are responsible for creating all—hazards plans and ensuring that employees have the ability to implement them. These all—hazards plans must conform with and complement the planning activities of the rest of the stat&s operations and agencies as well as those of regional authorities. DOTs may coordinate planning efforts with other state agencies, including the state’s emergency management agency; county highway departments; various agencies of the U.S. DOT; and with DOTs from other states to ensure activities can be easily integrated when necessary DOTs also need to plan to receive and use resources provided by other states and the federal government during operations. In conducting these planning activities, DOTs should consider applicable standards and best practices for incorporating risk and resilience into asset manage— inent functions and system design.AASHTO HAZ-1 pdf download.